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Programmable autonomous vehicles – Fundamentals, Part II

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If we look inside ourselves and think about what makes us autonomous beings, we can conclude that those are two components: intelligence and senses. Everything we see, feel or hear, our intelligence processes in terms of making conclusions/decisions. If we want to give machines a point of view it’s clear that we have to equip them with senses – sensors – electro/mechanical devices that allow a certain level of autonomic behavior. The choice and practical realization of the sensors is the next step after choosing a motor, device driver and microcontroller, about which you had a chance to read in the first part about programmable autonomic vehicles.
Types and sensor selection
Like DC motors, sensors selection depends on the tasks that programmable autonomous vehicle completes. So we have: sensors for detecting objects in space (Infrared and Mechanical Sensors), sensors for measuring temperature/humidity of the room (Temperature and Humidity Sensors), sensors for DC motors (Encoders and Di…